Dorothy Hodgkin (1910-1994), Chemist and crystallographer; winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry; wife of Thomas Lionel Hodgkin
Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin
Sitter in 17 portraits
Chemist and crystallographer. Hodgkin went to Somerville College, Oxford. In 1933 she became the first scientist to make an X-ray diffraction photograph of a protein, a technique she subsequently used to define the structure of penicillin (1942-9), Vitamin B12 (1964) and insulin (1969). Hodgkin became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1947, and was the first and only British woman to win the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1964. A Royal Society Fellowship scheme was established in her name, to help women who wish to be both career scientists and to raise children.