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Eleanor James (active 1685-1715), Printer and political writer

Sitter in 1 portrait
Eleanor James was a British printer who used her own printing press to address public concerns throughout her adult life. At seventeen, she married Thomas James, a printer in London. Between 1681 and 1716 she wrote, printed, and distributed more than ninety broadsides and pamphlets addressing political, religious, and commercial concerns. These sheets were nearly always given titles including her name as well, such as Mrs. James's Advice. The papers are addressed to monarchs, the houses of Lords and Commons, the lord mayor and aldermen of the City of London, and others, and they comment on national events such as the revolution of 1688, the Act of Union, and the Jacobite risings of 1715.

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Eleanor James

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, circa 1700
NPG 5592