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Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton (1894-1986), Prime Minister

Sitter in 35 portraits
Prime Minister. A member of the publishing dynasty, Macmillan served in the 1914-18 war, and was wounded three times. He won Stockton-on-Tees for the Conservatives (1924-29, and 1931-45). Macmillan wrote an argument for Conservatism, The Middle Way (1938) and was regarded by many of his party as a 'neo-socialist'. A firm anti-appeaser before the Second World War, he was a 'hawk' over Suez. He succeeded Anthony Eden as Prime Minister in 1957. On foreign policy he was a European, and in 1961-2 tried to accede to the Treaty of Rome and the EEC, but was faced with De Gaulle's veto. The Profumo affair and ill-health led to his departure from politics in 1964.