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Margaret Thatcher (1925-2013), Prime Minister

Margaret Hilda Thatcher (née Roberts), Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven

Sitter in 38 portraits
Conservative Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990. Margaret Thatcher was the first woman to hold the office in Britain and was re-elected twice, in 1983 and 1987. Educated at Kesteven and Grantham Girls' School and Somerville College, Oxford, her first career was as a research chemist (1947-51). She was called to the Bar, Lincoln's Inn, in 1954. Her career at the House of Commons began when she was elected MP for Finchley in 1959. Created a Life Peer in 1992.

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Margaret Thatcher

by Yousuf Karsh
bromide print, 1976
NPG P255


Margaret Thatcher

by Yousuf Karsh
bromide print, 1976
NPG P490(76)


Margaret Thatcher

by Bernard Lee ('Bern') Schwartz
dye transfer print, 24 May 1977
NPG P1261


Margaret Thatcher

by Norman Parkinson
bromide print, 1981
NPG P176


Margaret Thatcher

by Norman Parkinson
colour print, 1981
NPG P177


Conservative Party Conference, Brighton 1982

by Paul Brason
oil on canvas, 1982-1985
On display in Room 32 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5843


Margaret Thatcher

by Gerald Scarfe
pen and indian ink, 1983
NPG 6010


Margaret Thatcher

by Rodrigo Moynihan
oil on canvas, 1983-1985
NPG 5728


Margaret Thatcher

by Gerald Scarfe
ink and watercolour on paper, 1983
NPG 6476


Margaret Thatcher

by Brian Griffin
bromide print, 1986
NPG P415


The House of Commons, 24 July 1986

by Christopher John ('Chris') Orr
aquatint and etching, 1986
NPG 6834


Margaret Thatcher

by Walter Bird
bromide print on card mount, 15 November 1961
NPG x165791


Margaret Thatcher; Sir Edward Heath

by Central Press
vintage print, October 1970
NPG x194330


Margaret Thatcher

by Clay Perry
C-type colour print, 1974
NPG x136993


Margaret Thatcher

by Robin Laurance
bromide print from digital scan, February 1975
NPG x128604


Margaret Thatcher with her Shadow Cabinet , 1975

by Keystone Press Agency Ltd
vintage print, 20 February 1975
NPG x194195


Margaret Thatcher

by David Bailey
bromide fibre print, 1975
NPG x125612


The Conservative Shadow Cabinet

by Tom Blau
modern C-type from original transparency, 1977
NPG x131958


Margaret Thatcher and the Cabinet of 1979

by Central Press
bromide press print, June 1979
NPG x182327


Margaret Thatcher

by Central Press
vintage print, 24 April 1979
NPG x194329


Margaret Thatcher

by Norman Parkinson
cibachrome print, 1981
NPG x30176


Margaret Thatcher

by Gemma Levine
bromide print, 1986
NPG x88867


Margaret Thatcher

by Michael Birt
bromide print, 14 May 1990
NPG x35905


Margaret Thatcher

by Jeff Overs
resin print, August 1993
NPG x76177


Margaret Thatcher; Fergus Greer

by Fergus Greer
bromide print, 1995
NPG x128527


Margaret Thatcher

by Fergus Greer
bromide fibre print, 1995
NPG x126810


Margaret Thatcher

by Helmut Newton
bromide print, 1991
NPG P507


Sir Denis Thatcher, 1st Bt; Margaret Thatcher

by Keystone Press Agency Ltd
bromide press print, 13 December 1951
NPG x139971


Margaret Thatcher

by Fox Photos Ltd
bromide press print, 13 October 1951
NPG x139973


Margaret Thatcher

by Elliott & Fry
half-plate negative, 1961
NPG x82667


Jean Fraser; Margaret Thatcher

by Derek Bayes
bromide press print, April 1975
NPG x184139


Margaret Thatcher; Indira Gandhi

by Keystone Press Agency Ltd
bromide press print, 14 November 1978
NPG x139972


Margaret Thatcher

by Simon Livingstone
colour print, 1987
NPG x29875


Margaret Thatcher and members of John Major's cabinet

by Ian Waldie, for Reuters
digital colour print, 12 October 1994
NPG x126072


'Gone with the Wind' (Ronald Reagan; Margaret Thatcher)

by Bob Light, and by John Houston, printed by East End Offset Ltd, published by Socialist Workers Party
offset lithograph printed in blue and red, 1981 or after
NPG D43009

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