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Jeanette ('Jennie') Churchill (née Jerome), Lady Randolph Churchill

(1854-1921), Society hostess and writer

Sitter in 23 portraits
Lady Randolph Churchill was an American-born society figure, remembered chiefly as the mother of Sir Winston Churchill, British prime minister. She was heiress to a Wall Street fortune, and came to prominence as one of the first so-called 'buccaneers' to cross the ocean and set the trend of marrying into British aristocracy. In 1867 she and her two sisters were taken to Paris by their mother, and her education and introduction to society followed the manner of the European upper classes. In 1873 she met Lord Randolph Churchill, son of the Duke of Marlborough, and they were married the following year at the British Embassy in Paris. During the Boer War she raised money for and staffed and equipped a hospital ship, the Maine, which was active in South Africa. Her written works include: Reminiscences of Lady Randolph Churchill (1908), two plays and Short Talks on Big Subjects (1916), a collection of articles.


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