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Frederick Sanger (1918-2013), Biochemist
Sitter in 6 portraits
Molecular Biochemist. In 1955, Sanger determined the structure of insulin, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1958. His work enabled chemists to make insulin artificially and to develop research in protein structure. In 1980 Sanger was awarded the Nobel Prize a second time, (with Walter Gilbert and Paul Berg) for determining the base sequences of nucleic acids, including DNA. He became a Companion of Honour in 1981 and a member of the Order of Merit in 1986.