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Gilbert Stuart (1755-1828), Painter

Artist associated with 60 portraits
American-born Stuart sailed to Scotland with his mentor, portraitist Cosmo Alexander, in around 1772. He arrived in London in 1775 with little money and few prospects. He was hired by portraitist Benjamin West as a drapery painter; his own work improved and within two years was exhibiting at the Royal Academy. By 1782, Stuart was a successful portrait painter but, always careless financially, he was twice imprisoned for debt. In 1787, he moved to Dublin, where he continued both to paint and to accumulate debt. Stuart returned to the United States in 1793 living first in New York and then moving to Philadelphia where he set up a highly successful portrait studio.

List Thumbnail

2143

John Singleton Copley

by Gilbert Stuart
oil on canvas, circa 1784
NPG 2143

1191

Isaac Barre

by Gilbert Stuart
oil on canvas, (1785)
NPG 1191

49

John Philip Kemble

by Gilbert Stuart
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1785
On display in Room 19 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 49

349

Benjamin West

by Gilbert Stuart
oil on canvas, 1785
On display in Room 19 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 349

693

John Hall

by Gilbert Stuart
oil on canvas, 1785
NPG 693

50

Sarah Siddons (nee Kemble)

by Gilbert Stuart
oil on canvas, 1787
On display in Room 19 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 50

2041

George Washington

by Gilbert Stuart
oil on canvas, (1796)
NPG 2041

774

George Washington

after Gilbert Stuart
oil on canvas, 1797
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 774

D13808

Joseph Priestley

by J. Partridge, after Gilbert Stuart
stipple engraving, late 18th century
NPG D13808

D16777

John Henderson as Iago

by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Gilbert Stuart
hand-coloured stipple engraving, late 18th century
NPG D16777

D23311

Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea)

by J. Peachey, after Gilbert Stuart
etching and aquatint, 1786
NPG D23311

D37694

Benjamin West

by Caroline Watson, published by John Boydell, published by Josiah Boydell, after Gilbert Stuart
stipple engraving, published 1786 (circa 1785)
NPG D37694

D37695

Benjamin West

by Caroline Watson, after Gilbert Stuart
stipple engraving, published 1786 (circa 1785)
NPG D37695

D19926

Benjamin West

by Caroline Watson, published by John Boydell, published by Josiah Boydell, after Gilbert Stuart
stipple engraving, published 1786 (circa 1785)
NPG D19926

D23508

Isaac Barre

by John Hall, after Gilbert Stuart
line engraving, published 1787 (1785)
NPG D23508

D20182

Isaac Barre

by and published by John Hall, after Gilbert Stuart
line engraving, published 5 April 1787 (1785)
NPG D20182

D1297

John Beresford

by Charles Howard Hodges, published by George Cowen, after Gilbert Stuart
mezzotint, published 1 November 1790
NPG D1297

D701

John Beresford

by Charles Howard Hodges, after Gilbert Stuart
mezzotint, published 1790
NPG D701

D32240

William Brownlow

by Charles Howard Hodges, after Gilbert Stuart
mezzotint, published 1792
NPG D32240

D34080

William Burton Conyngham

by Charles Howard Hodges, after Gilbert Stuart
mezzotint, published 1792
NPG D34080