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Man Ray (1890-1976), Photographer and artist
Man Ray (Emmanuel Radnitzky)
Sitter in 16 portraits
Artist associated with 22 portraits
Born Emmanuel Rudnitsky in Philadelphia, Man Ray studied painting in New York at the Ferrer Center and early developed an interest in European avant garde art. In 1915 he collaborated with Marcel Duchamp and Francis Picabia in founding the New York Dada movement. His interest in photography was stimulated through friendship with Alfred Stieglitz. Moving to Paris in 1921 he became one of the leading figures in the European Dadaist and Surrealist movements as a painter, sculptor, maker of objects, photographer, film-maker and writer. As a photographic pioneer, Man Ray is associated particularly with experiments in solarization and with the invention of 'rayographs', a form of camera-less photography.