Abdur Rahman Khan, Emir of Afghanistan(died 1901), Reigned 1880-1901
Sitter in 1 portrait
At the Durbar 22 July 1880 Abdur Rahman Khan officially became Emir, however a history of family rivalry climaxed into a seizure of Herat by a relative, Ayub Khan. Abdur Rahman retaliated by leading a force from Kabul, defeating Ayub's army and forcing Ayub to flee to Persia. During his 21 year rule in which he became known as 'The Iron Emir', he prevented the country from becoming occupied by British India or Russia by keeping diplomatic relations with them. He reached agreement with Russia on the demarcation of the north-western border of Afghanistan with Russia. He daringly initiated internal reforms, reorganised the administration and imposed an organised Government upon a divided nation. The first modern hospital in Afghanistan was also established under his rule.