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Elizabeth Craven (née Berkeley), Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1750-1828), Dramatist, author, traveller and socialite

Sitter in 5 portraits
Berkeley married in 1767 and began her literary career writing plays. After the birth of their sixth child she and Lord Craven parted, and in 1783 she began a journey across Europe, publishing her diary of the trip as A journey through the Crimea to Constantinople (1789). During her travels she began an affair with the Margrave of Brandenburg, Anspach and Beyreuth. On Craven's death in 1791, she married the Margrave and they continued to live in Anspach, where she translated plays and wrote her own, for which her husband composed the music. After further travels, they settled in London, where she continued to write. The Margrave died in 1806 and Elizabeth travelled again, buying a villa in Naples in 1817, where she died.

List Thumbnail

L223

Elizabeth Craven (née Berkeley), Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach

by Ozias Humphry
oil on canvas, circa 1780-1783
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG L223

D987

Elizabeth Craven (née Berkeley), Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach

by William Ridley, published by Vernor & Hood, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
stipple engraving, published 31 March 1801 (circa 1774-1775)
NPG D987

D14347

Elizabeth Craven (née Berkeley), Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach

by William Ridley, published by Vernor & Hood, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
stipple engraving, published 31 March 1801 (circa 1774-1775)
NPG D14347

D16173

Elizabeth Craven (née Berkeley), Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach

by William Ridley, published by Vernor & Hood, after Sir Joshua Reynolds
stipple engraving, published 31 March 1801 (circa 1774-1775)
NPG D16173