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Margaret Cavendish (nee Lucas), Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne (1623?-1674), Writer and second wife of William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne

Sitter associated with 19 portraits
The Duchess of Newcastle was a prominent aristocrat with a keen interest in science. She wrote critiques of Descartes, Hobbes and Hooke and an early foray into science fiction, The Description of a New World, called the Blazing-World (1668). Her proposed visit to the Royal Society in 1667 caused much debate among Fellows as to whether a woman's presence would damage the Society's reputation. Her elevated social status won the day and she became the first woman to attend a Society demonstration. Pepys records that she was 'all admiration' for Boyle's air-pump.

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D28775

William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and his family.

by Peter van Lisebetten (Lysebetten, Liesebetten), after Abraham Diepenbeeck
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28775

D28776

William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Margaret Cavendish (nee Lucas), Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne

by Peter van Lisebetten (Lysebetten, Liesebetten), after Abraham Diepenbeeck
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D28776

D11111

Margaret Cavendish (nee Lucas), Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne

by Pieter Louis van Schuppen, after Abraham Diepenbeeck
line engraving, circa 1655-1658
NPG D11111

D28777

William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and his family in Antwerp

by Peeter Clouwet, after Abraham Diepenbeeck
line engraving, published 1656
NPG D28777

D30186

Margaret Cavendish (nee Lucas), Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne

by Pieter Louis van Schuppen, after Abraham Diepenbeeck
line engraving, late 17th century
NPG D30186

D20175

Margaret Cavendish (nee Lucas), Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne

published by Silvester Harding
stipple engraving, published 10 August 1799
NPG D20175

D30184

Margaret Cavendish (nee Lucas), Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne

after Abraham Diepenbeeck, published by William Richardson
line engraving, published 1800
NPG D30184

D30189

Margaret Cavendish (nee Lucas), Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne

after Abraham Diepenbeeck, published by William Richardson
line engraving, published 1800
NPG D30189

D30192

Margaret Cavendish (nee Lucas), Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne

by William Nelson Gardiner, after Abraham Diepenbeeck
stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D30192

D30193

Margaret Cavendish (nee Lucas), Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne

after Abraham Diepenbeeck, published by William Richardson
line engraving, published 1800
NPG D30193

D30187

Margaret Cavendish (nee Lucas), Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne

published by John Scott, after Abraham Diepenbeeck
stipple engraving, published 20 May 1806
NPG D30187

D30191

Margaret Cavendish (nee Lucas), Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne

by E. Bocquet, after Abraham Diepenbeeck
stipple engraving, published 1808
NPG D30191

D30190

Margaret Cavendish (nee Lucas), Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne

by Edward Scriven, after Abraham Diepenbeeck
stipple engraving, published 1810
NPG D30190

D5345

Margaret Cavendish (nee Lucas), Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne

by William Greatbach, after Abraham Diepenbeeck
stipple and line engraving, published 1846
NPG D5345

D5346

Margaret Cavendish (nee Lucas), Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne

by William Greatbach, after Abraham Diepenbeeck
stipple and line engraving, published 1846
NPG D5346

D38716

Equitation Anglaise 1658

by Charles Aubry, printed and published by Charles Etienne Pierre Motte
lithograph, 1833
NPG D38716