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Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948), Indian political leader and religious and social reformer
Mohandas Karamchand ('Mahatma') Gandhi
Sitter in 7 portraits
Born in Porbander, India, Gandhi studied law in London. After returning to India he went to South Africa to work as a legal advisor. There he led a campaign against the requirement for people of Indian heritage to carry identity cards. This resulted in his spending time in prison. Gandhi played a leading part in the formation of the Indian National Congress. He advocated the use of non-violent methods of resistance to British rule, such as fasting. Gandhi adopted a simple way of life and style of dress. He was widely respected as a great teacher, doing much to improve the plight of India's poor. He was assassinated in Delhi in January 1948 by a Hindu activist.