Flora (née Shaw), Lady Lugard (1852-1929), Author and journalist; wife of Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard
Sitter in 1 portrait
Shaw was born in London into a large family for whom she helped to care. She began her career in journalism in 1886-7 writing for the Pall Mall Gazette and the Manchester Guardian. From 1893 she was colonial editor of The Times, making her the highest paid woman journalist of her day. Writing in The Times in 1897 she coined the name 'Nigeria' for the territories administered by the Royal Niger Company. Having resigned from The Times in 1900, two years later she married a colonial administrator, Sir Frederick Lugard, who was Nigeria's first governor-general from 1912-19, having been governor of Hong Kong from 1907-12.