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Stephanus Johannes Paulus ('Paul') Kruger (1825-1904), President of the Transvaal Republic

Sitter in 7 portraits
First elected President of the Transvaal Republic in 1883, Paul Kruger was a leader of Boer resistance against the British during the war. Affectionately known as 'Uncle Paul' (Oom Paul in Afrikaans), he went on to win the subsequent elections of 1888, 1893 and 1898. Kruger tried to negotiate favourable terms for the Boers, but when war seemed inevitable he sent an ultimatum to Britain on 9 October 1899. Strategic decisions thereafter mainly fell to Petrus Jacobus Joubert as Vice President and Commandant-General. Kruger fled to Europe after the capture of the capital of Pretoria in June 1900, and the Republic fell to Lord Roberts' army.

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P1700(60b)

Stephanus Johannes Paulus ('Paul') Kruger

by Unknown photographer
albumen print, 1901 or before
NPG P1700(60b)

x127452

Stephanus Johannes Paulus ('Paul') Kruger

by Elliott & Fry
chlorobromide print on cream card mount, 1883
NPG x127452

x82151

Stephanus Johannes Paulus ('Paul') Kruger

by Elliott & Fry
half-plate negative, 1883
NPG x82151

D45003

Stephanus Johannes Paulus ('Paul') Kruger ('Men of the Day. No. 776.')

by Sir Leslie Ward
chromolithograph, published in Vanity Fair 8 March 1900
NPG D45003

D45041

"A General Group" (

by Sir Leslie Ward
chromolithograph, published in Vanity Fair 29 November 1900
NPG D45041

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