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Abdul Aziz (1830-1876), Sultan of Turkey

Sitter in 6 portraits
Born in Istanbul, Abdul Aziz received an Ottoman education but was an admirer of the material progress that was being made in the West. Aziz reigned in Turkey between 1861 and 1876, during which time he cultivated good relations with France and Great Britain. In 1867, he was the first Ottoman sultan to visit Western Europe, including a visit to England, where he was made a Knight of the Garter by Queen Victoria. The biggest achievement of Aziz's reign was to modernise the Ottoman Navy. By 1875, it ranked as the third largest navy in the world after those of the British and French. Aziz also established the first Ottoman railroad network and Sirkeci Train Station in Istanbul, terminus of the Orient Express.

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4707(1)

Abdul Aziz

by James Jacques Tissot
watercolour, published in Vanity Fair 30 October 1869
NPG 4707(1)

Ax38447

Abdul Aziz

by Unknown photographer
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s
NPG Ax38447

Ax38448

Abdul Aziz

by Neurdein
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s
NPG Ax38448

Ax38449

Abdul Aziz

by Unknown photographer
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s
NPG Ax38449

Ax138003

Abdul Aziz

by Emile Desmaisons
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s
NPG Ax138003

Ax11957

Abdul Aziz

by W. & D. Downey
albumen carte-de-visite, 1867
NPG Ax11957