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Sir Francis Beaufort (1774-1857), Rear-Admiral and hydrographer
Sitter in 6 portraits
Sir Francis Beaufort was the creator of the Beaufort scale for indicating wind force. Beginning at fourteen on a merchant ship of the British East India Company, Beaufort rose, during the Napoleonic Wars, through the ranks to become a Captain in the Royal Navy. He spent his leisure time taking soundings and bearings, making astronomical observations to determine longitude and latitude, and measuring shorelines. In 1829, at the age of fifty-five, Beaufort became the Hydrographer of the British Admiralty, a post he held for twenty-five years, transforming it from a minor chart repository into the finest surveying institution in the world. Some of his charts are still used, two hundred years after he created them.
by Sir John Gilbert
pencil and wash, circa 1856
by James Scott, after Stephen Pearce
mezzotint, published 1853