William Riddell Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood (1865-1951), Field Marshal
Sitter in 19 portraits
Born in India but educated at Clifton College, Bristol and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst; first saw active service in the Black Mountain expedition in 1891; advanced to captain in 1896; travelled to South Africa as a special service officer in 1899; became major-general in 1911; in 1912 he became secretary to the government of India in the army department and a member of the governor-general's legislative council; commanded the Australian and New Zealand forces (Anzacs) landing of Gallipoli; promoted general in 1917 and toured Australia in 1920 to great acclaim; after the First World War he commanded the northern army in India and was promoted field marshal in 1925.
by Bassano Ltd
half-plate film negative, 8 February 1938