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Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (1678-1751), Politician; MP for Wootton Bassett and Berkshire; government official and political philosopher

Sitter in 11 portraits
Bolingbroke's distinguished early career as Tory Secretary of State came to an end with he accession of George I in 1715. Shortly after, he fled to France to escape trial for his alleged intrigues against the Hanoverian succession. In France, Bolingbroke joined the exiled King James the 'Old Pretender' as his Secretary of State only to be dismissed for his reluctant support for the Jacobite Rising in Scotland. He returned to England on his pardon in 1726, with his essays in the The Craftsman, and Opposition periodical, Bolingbroke began to lead a fierce periodical press campaign against the Whig government and its politics.

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593

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

attributed to Alexis Simon Belle
oil on canvas, circa 1712
NPG 593

1493

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

attributed to Jonathan Richardson
oil on canvas, circa 1730?
NPG 1493

D19374

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

by George White, after Thomas Murray
mezzotint, circa 1714-1715 (1714)
NPG D19374

D31687

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

by Jonathan Richardson
etching, published 1753
NPG D31687

D31930

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D31930

D36125

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

by George Perfect Harding, after Jonathan Richardson
lithograph, 1820 (1738)
NPG D36125

D17870

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke; Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford; Francis Atterbury

by Thomas Abiel Prior, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, mid 19th century
NPG D17870

D20378

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

by George White, after Thomas Murray
mezzotint, circa 1715-1732 (1714)
NPG D20378

D15990

Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke

after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
stipple and line engraving, published circa 1829 (1715)
NPG D15990

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