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Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (1678-1751), Politician; MP for Wootton Bassett and Berkshire; government official and political philosopher
Sitter in 11 portraits
Bolingbroke's distinguished early career as Tory Secretary of State came to an end with he accession of George I in 1715. Shortly after, he fled to France to escape trial for his alleged intrigues against the Hanoverian succession. In France, Bolingbroke joined the exiled King James the 'Old Pretender' as his Secretary of State only to be dismissed for his reluctant support for the Jacobite Rising in Scotland. He returned to England on his pardon in 1726, with his essays in the The Craftsman, and Opposition periodical, Bolingbroke began to lead a fierce periodical press campaign against the Whig government and its politics.
by Thomas Abiel Prior, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
line engraving, mid 19th century