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William Booth (1829-1912), Founder of the Salvation Army

Sitter in 35 portraits
Booth was apprenticed at thirteen to a Nottingham pawnbroker. Having converted to Methodism, he joined a group of revivalists who conducted religious services in the streets of the city. In 1849 he moved to London where he became a pawnbroker's assistant. He devoted his leisure to religion and became a lay preacher. In 1865 he and his wife started the Christian Revival Society, later the Christian Mission, in the East End of London. They held evening and Sunday meetings to offer repentance, salvation and Christian ethics to the poorest and most needy. In 1878 the organisation was reorganised as the Salvation Army, with military titles and uniforms and its own flag and music.

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2383

William Booth

by Sydney Prior Hall
pencil
NPG 2383

5814

William Booth

by Unknown artist
Staffordshire bust, circa 1900
NPG 5814

2275

William Booth

by Stephen Reid
pen and ink, 1906
NPG 2275

1783a

William Booth

by Francis Dodd
etching, 1907
NPG 1783a

2932

William Booth

by Colin Campbell
pen and ink
NPG 2932

2042

William Booth

by David N. Ingles
oil on canvas, after 1912
NPG 2042

x127412

William Booth

by Elliott & Fry
chlorobromide print on cream card mount, 1884
NPG x127412

x82273

William Booth

by Elliott & Fry
half-plate negative, 1884
NPG x82273

x38282

William Booth

by Ernest Herbert ('E.H.') Mills
bromide print
NPG x38282

x87427

William Booth

by Unknown photographer
woodburytype, circa 1891
NPG x87427

x136246

William Booth

published by Rotary Photographic Co Ltd
bromide postcard print, 1900s
NPG x136246

x136276

William Booth

possibly by Ernest Herbert ('E.H.') Mills, published by Rotary Photographic Co Ltd
postcard print, 1900s
NPG x136276

x1166

William Booth

by (Mary) Olive Edis (Mrs Galsworthy), and Katharine Legat (née Edis)
platinum print, 1902
NPG x1166

x136277

'General Booth in the Ruins of Martha and Mary's House at Bethany'

by Unknown photographer
postcard print, 1905
NPG x136277

x1538

William Booth

by Herbert F. Joyce
platinum print, August 1906
NPG x1538

x136275

William Booth

published by Rotary Photographic Co Ltd
postcard print, circa 1907
NPG x136275

x138004

William Booth

published by Andrew & George Taylor
bromide postcard print, circa 1907
NPG x138004

x137203

'City Honours Late General Booth'

by Ernest Brooks, for Central News Ltd
vintage print, 29 August 1912
NPG x137203

x9213

William Booth

after Ernest Herbert ('E.H.') Mills
photogravure
NPG x9213