Louis Botha (1862-1919), General and South African statesman
Sitter in 5 portraits
Botha became MP for the Transvaal in 1897. Two years later he fought in the Second Boer War, becoming commander-in-chief of the Transvaal Boers. Botha was the chief representative of the Boers in the peace negotiations of 1902. His war record made him prominent in the politics of the Transvaal and he was a major player in the post-war reconstruction of that country, becoming prime minister of the Transvaal in 1907. In 1911, together with another Boer war hero, Jan Smuts, he formed the South African Party, or SAP. When South Africa obtained dominion status in 1910, Botha became the first prime minister of the Union of South Africa.