Robert Boyle (1627-1691), Chemist and natural philosopher
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A natural philosopher, chemist and theologian, Boyle discovered 'Boyle's Law' of the pressure and volume of gases; his scientific writings brought him a European reputation. He attacked the traditional belief that matter was composed of the four elements, and was a founder member of the Royal Society. By his will he founded the 'Boyle lectures' to illustrate the harmony between science and religion.