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Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux (1778-1868), Lord Chancellor

Sitter associated with 234 portraits
Brougham, a radical Whig lawyer and MP, tirelessly campaigned for the advancement of education and reform. In 1810, he eventually entered Parliament as a Whig and immediately promoted legislation against slave trading. He won popular renown for his spirited defence of Queen Caroline at her 'trial' (1820). As Lord Chancellor (1830-4) he played a leading part in drafting and promoting the Reform Bill (1832) with Lord Grey. Brougham co-founded the Whig periodical the Edinburgh Review (1802) with Sydney Smith. He helped establish the London Mechanics Institutes (1824), the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1826), and the non-denominational University College London (1828).

List Thumbnail

999

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1820-1823
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 999

3136

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

by Sir Thomas Lawrence
oil on panel, 1825
On display in Room 20 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3136

2772(28a)

Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Bt showing his pictures

by Jemima Blackburn (née Wedderburn)
watercolour, 1844
NPG 2772(28a)

P301(5)

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

by (George) Herbert Watkins
albumen print, arched top, 7 March 1857
NPG P301(5)

Ax7907

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

by (George) Herbert Watkins
albumen print, 7 March 1857
NPG Ax7907

x45589

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

by (George) Herbert Watkins
albumen carte-de-visite, late 1850s (7 March 1857)
NPG x45589

Ax18274

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

by John Jabez Edwin Mayall
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s
NPG Ax18274

Ax38680

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

by Robert Jefferson Bingham
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s-1870s
NPG Ax38680

x38989

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

by John Jabez Edwin Mayall
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860
NPG x38989

x4712

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

by John Clarck, after Mathew B. Brady
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s
NPG x4712

x4719

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

possibly by Paul Emile Chappuis
albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s
NPG x4719

Ax5074

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

by Caldesi, Blanford & Co
albumen carte-de-visite, early 1860s
NPG Ax5074

x132275

Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux with his nephew

by John Jabez Edwin Mayall
albumen carte-de-visite, 1861
NPG x132275

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