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John ('Jack') Broughton (circa 1703-1789), Boxer
Sitter in 5 portraits
Broughton was a heavyweight boxing champion. He had a lasting influence on boxing, helping to turn it into a formal sport by codifying the first set of boxing rules and inventing 'mufflers', the forerunners of modern boxing gloves. Originally a waterman on the River Thames, Broughton fought semi-professionally throughout the 1730s. Broughton became England's third champion heavyweight boxer after beating George Taylor in 1734, and he held this title until 1750. From 1742 until his death, Broughton operated his own boxing arena in Hanway Street, London. The rules of boxing that he established remained in effect until 1838, when they were superseded by the London Prize Ring Rules.