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George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham (1592-1628), Courtier; favourite of James I

Sitter associated with 49 portraits
Handsome and ambitious, but unscrupulous, Villiers became the most notorious of James I's favourites. From humble beginnings as cupbearer in the royal household, he rose with astonishing speed through the ranks of the aristocracy, becoming Duke of Buckingham in 1623. As one of the king's leading ministers, some of his administration was effective, but he was widely regarded as corrupt and extravagant. Villiers exercised great influence over both James I and his son Charles I, though was generally regarded with suspicion and dislike by the rest of the court, and as Lord High Admiral was blamed for a number of military failures. He was murdered by John Felton, a discharged officer of the navy in 1628.

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3840

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

attributed to William Larkin, and studio of William Larkin
oil on canvas, circa 1616
On display in Room 16 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3840

711

The Duke of Buckingham and his Family

after Gerrit van Honthorst
oil on canvas, (1628)
On display in Room 5 at Montacute House
NPG 711

D25779

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

by Simon de Passe
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D25779

D25780

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

after Unknown artist
line engraving, possibly 17th century
NPG D25780

D16667

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

after Cornelius Johnson (Jonson or Jonson van Ceulen)
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D16667

D33052

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

after Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt
line engraving, (circa 1625)
NPG D33052

D33055

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

after Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt
line engraving, (circa 1625)
NPG D33055

D33056

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

after Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt
line engraving, (circa 1625)
NPG D33056

D19862

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

by Willem Jacobsz Delff, after Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt
engraving, published 1626
NPG D19862

D5812

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

sold by Benjamin Cole
line engraving, circa 1628
NPG D5812

D16666

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

by A.P., after D.F.
line engraving, after 1628
NPG D16666

D1129

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

by William Marshall, after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D1129

D1166

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

by William Marshall, after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid 17th century
NPG D1166

D22656

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

by William Faithorne, after Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt
line engraving, circa 1650s
NPG D22656

D26517

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

published by Balthasar Moncornet
line engraving, 1657
NPG D26517

D16664

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

published by Balthasar Moncornet, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1657
NPG D16664

D16665

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

published by Balthasar Moncornet, after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1657
NPG D16665

D33053

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham

by Walter Dolle, after Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt
line engraving, 1660s-1670s
NPG D33053