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George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham (1628-1687), Statesman and dramatist

Sitter in 14 portraits
The son of James I's favourite, Buckingham fought for the royalist side during the Civil War and was exiled, but he later returned to England and married the daughter of the parliamentarian General Fairfax, in the hope of regaining his lands. At the Restoration he was favoured by Charles II, helped to engineer the downfall of Clarendon and became a member of the Cabal. Famous for his intrigues and immorality, he seduced the Countess of Shrewsbury and killed her husband in a duel in 1668. Described as 'one of the worst men alive', he was eventually dismissed from office in 1674. He wrote a number of witty satirical comedies.

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711

The Duke of Buckingham and his Family

after Gerrit van Honthorst
oil on canvas, (1628)
On display in Room 5 at Montacute House
NPG 711

279

George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham

by Sir Peter Lely
oil on canvas, circa 1675
On display in Room 7 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 279

D1131

George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham

by Robert White, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1679
NPG D1131

D9656

George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham

by Robert White, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1679
NPG D9656

D1130

George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham

by Isaac Beckett, after Simon Verelst
mezzotint, 1681-1688
NPG D1130

D29388

George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham

after Unknown artist
line engraving, early to mid 18th century
NPG D29388

D29389

George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham

by Charles Hall, after Unknown artist
line engraving, mid to late 18th century
NPG D29389

D32286

George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham; Lord Francis Villiers

by James Macardell, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
mezzotint, 1752 (1635)
NPG D32286

D26518

George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham

by Silvester Harding, after Ignatius Joseph van den Berghe
stipple engraving, early 19th century
NPG D26518

D903

George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham

by Robert Dunkarton, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
mezzotint, published 1814
NPG D903

D26130

The Villiers Family

by William Greatbach, after George Perfect Harding
line engraving, probably mid 19th century
NPG D26130

D18996

George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham

by Robert White, after Unknown artist
line engraving, published 1679
NPG D18996