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William Buckland (1784-1856), Geologist
Sitter associated with 9 portraits
Buckland's interest in natural history was aroused as a boy exploring the quarries and woods of his native Devon. He was elected a fellow of Oxford University in 1808 and was ordained a priest, continuing to pursue his interest in minerals and geology. Appointed Reader in Mineralogy in 1813 and in Geology in 1818 at Oxford, his lectures were the most popular in the university. He was initially a proponent of flood geology, a creationist theory that assumed the literal truth of the story of Noah's Ark. A global flood and its aftermath were seen as the origin of most of the Earth's geological features. However, he abandoned this belief in his highly influential work, the Bridgewater Treatise (1836).