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Sir Richard Francis Burton (1821-1890), Explorer and writer

Later Victorian Portraits Catalogue

Sitter in 7 portraits
A great traveller and linguist. He was accompanied by John Hanning Speke on his African expeditions to Somalia (1854-55) and search of the Nile's source (1856-59). He reached Lake Tanganyika in February 1858, but failed to join Speke on his first visit to Lake Victoria. Burton was dismayed on his return to Britain to find that Speke had already promoted his theory that Victoria rather than Tanganyika was the Nile's source. He set forth his position with The Lake Regions of Central Africa (1860). Burton spent most of the rest of his life in consular posts from which he continued to travel. His many works include a translation of The Arabian Nights.

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Sir Richard Francis Burton

by Frederic Leighton, Baron Leighton
oil on canvas, 1872-1885
On display in Room 23 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1070


Sir Richard Francis Burton

by Carlo Pellegrini
watercolour, published in Vanity Fair 24 October 1885
NPG 5787


Sir Richard Francis Burton

by Ernest Edwards, published by Alfred William Bennett
albumen print, published 1865 (April 1865)
NPG x14771


Sir Richard Francis Burton

by Lock & Whitfield, published by Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington
woodburytype, published 1876
NPG Ax17479


Sir Richard Francis Burton

by Lock & Whitfield
woodburytype, published 1876
NPG x4917


Sir Richard Francis Burton

by Léopold Flameng, after Frederic Leighton, Baron Leighton
etching, (circa 1872-1875)
NPG D38802