Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1836-1908), Prime Minister
Sitter in 23 portraits
After studying at Trinity College, Cambridge, he joined the family drapery business. He was elected as a Liberal MP in 1868 and entered the Cabinet as War Secretary in 1886. He earned a reputation as an efficient political operator. In 1898 he became Leader of the House of Commons and the following year was elected Leader of the Liberal Party. He served as Prime Minister from 1905 until ill health forced him to resign in 1908. His leadership saw the introduction of a number of important social reforms concerning factories, workshops, and mines. He advocated the introduction of sick pay and old age pensions and was sympathetic to, but not enthusiastic about, the cause of votes for women.
by Sir Leslie Ward
watercolour, published in Vanity Fair 3 December 1892
by Sir Francis Carruthers Gould ('F.C.G.')
pen and ink, 1900s