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Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick (1768-1821), Queen of George IV

Sitter in 89 portraits
Married George, Prince of Wales in 1795 but he was already secretly married to Mrs Fitzherbert, only agreeing to the arranged marriage to salvage his financial position. He abandoned her just after the birth of their daughter Princess Charlotte. Caroline repaid her husband by leading a life of bawdy behaviour. Her travels took her around the Mediterranean, including Tunis, Jerusalem, Ephesus and Constantinople. In 1820 her husband wanted to divorce her so she was tried in the House of Lords for adultery, but acquitted. In July 1821 she was refused entry to George IV's coronation and died a fortnight later of shock. On her death her body was shipped back to Brunswick, her birthplace.

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244

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by Sir Thomas Lawrence
oil on canvas, 1804
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 244

999

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1820-1823
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 999

2662(1)

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by Sir George Hayter
pen and ink, circa 1820
NPG 2662(1)

2662(8)

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by Sir George Hayter
pen and ink, circa 1820
NPG 2662(8)

D9141

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, published 24 February 1795
NPG D9141

D33364

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by John Murphy, published by John Jeffryes, after Thomas Stothard
mezzotint, published 21 May 1795
NPG D33364

D10849

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by James Tookey, probably after Friedrich Schroeder
line engraving, published 1795
NPG D10849

D10850

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by James Tookey, probably after Friedrich Schroeder
line engraving, published 1795
NPG D10850

D12515

'The lover's dream'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and aquatint, published 24 January 1795
NPG D12515

D12576

'Enchantments lately seen upon the mountains of Wales, - or - Shon-ap-Morgan's reconcilement to the fairy princess

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 30 June 1796
NPG D12576