Thomas Cartwright (1634-1689), Bishop of Chester
Sitter in 4 portraits
Thomas Cartwright was the son of Puritan divine Thomas Cartwright, and was ordained into the Church of England in 1653. His career blossomed after he adopted a firm Royalist stance on the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660. Cartwright published a number of pro-royalist sermons and in 1672 he was appointed chaplain to the king. When James II succeeded to the throne in 1685, Cartwright continued to be a staunch royal supporter. He was appointed as Bishop of Chester the following year. In 1688 Cartwright was one of nine nonjuring bishops who refused to swear allegiance to William of Orange when he became king.