James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos (1674-1744), Patron of the arts
Sitter in 3 portraits
James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, was the eldest child of Sir James Brydges, 8th Lord Chandos. On his father's death in 1714 he was created Viscount Wilton and Earl of Carnarvon. He became Duke of Chandos in 1719. Brydges was MP for Hereford from 1698 to 1714. Chandos is chiefly remembered for his connections with Handel and with Alexander Pope. He built a magnificent house at Canons near Edgware in Middlesex; and for more than two years Handel, employed by Chandos, lived there, where he composed his oratorio Esther.