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King Charles I

(1600-1649), Reigned 1625-49

Sitter associated with 334 portraits
The younger, surviving son of James I and Anne of Denmark, Charles became heir to the throne on the death of his brother Henry in 1612. Charles inherited his father's belief in the 'Divine Right of Kings' and became the greatest of all British royal art patrons and collectors. His dismissal of Parliament and personal rule, however, along with his imposition of taxes and attempts to impose religious uniformity led eventually to civil war. He was defeated and tried on the charge that he 'traitorously and maliciously levied war against the present Parliament and the people therein represented', and he was executed outside the Banqueting House, Whitehall, on 30 January 1649.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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King Charles I, studio of Isaac Oliver - NPG 3064

King Charles I

studio of Isaac Oliver
watercolour on vellum, (circa 1612)
On display in Room 4 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3064

King Charles I, by Gerrit van Honthorst - NPG 4444

King Charles I

by Gerrit van Honthorst
oil on canvas, 1628
On display in Room 6 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4444

King Charles I, by Unknown artist - NPG 4516

King Charles I

by Unknown artist
oil on panel, 1630s
NPG 4516

King Charles I, by Daniel Mytens - NPG 1246

King Charles I

by Daniel Mytens
oil on canvas, 1631
NPG 1246

King Charles I, possibly after Hubert Le Sueur - NPG 297

King Charles I

possibly after Hubert Le Sueur
bronze bust, (circa 1635)
NPG 297

King Charles I, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck - NPG 843

King Charles I

after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
oil on canvas, (circa 1635-1636)
On display at Banqueting House: London: UK
NPG 843

King Charles I, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck - NPG 1906

King Charles I

after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
oil on canvas, (circa 1635-1637)
NPG 1906

King Charles I, by David Des Granges, after  John Hoskins - NPG 1924

King Charles I

by David Des Granges, after John Hoskins
watercolour on vellum, (circa 1645)
NPG 1924

King Charles I; Sir Edward Walker, by Unknown artist - NPG 1961

King Charles I; Sir Edward Walker

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, circa 1650
NPG 1961

King Charles I, by Unknown artist - NPG 6357

King Charles I

by Unknown artist
oil on copper with 17 mica overlays, second half of 17th century
NPG 6357

King Charles I, by Unknown artist - NPG 4836

King Charles I

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, late 17th century or early 18th century
NPG 4836

King Charles I, by Sir Henry Halford, 1st Bt - NPG 2189a

King Charles I

by Sir Henry Halford, 1st Bt
pencil, 1813
NPG 2189a

King Charles I, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D25731

King Charles I

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D25731

King Charles I, by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke) - NPG D25733

King Charles I

by Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke)
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D25733

King Charles I when Prince of Wales, by Francis Delaram - NPG D25735

King Charles I when Prince of Wales

by Francis Delaram
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D25735

King Charles I when Prince of Wales, by Simon de Passe - NPG D25736

King Charles I when Prince of Wales

by Simon de Passe
line engraving, early 17th century
NPG D25736

King Charles I when Prince of Wales, by Simon de Passe - NPG D25740

King Charles I when Prince of Wales

by Simon de Passe
line engraving, 17th century
NPG D25740

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