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Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

(1744-1818), Queen consort of George III

Sitter associated with 83 portraits
Queen of George III. The youngest daughter of Charles Louis of Mecklenberg-Strelitz, she first her future husband on 8 September 1761 and was married to him that evening. Unable to speak English and kept under the King's strict supervision, Charlotte felt alienated from both her husband and her adopted country during the initial decades of her marriage. Eventually the couple formed a strong and affectionate bond. Although she did not play much part in politics, her connections with German dukedoms made her a channel for the king's continental affairs. She had fifteen children and her popular reputation was that of unimpeachable if rather stern domesticity.

Watch a film clip on the sitter from the BBC Archive in the Media section below

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Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, studio of Allan Ramsay - NPG 224

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

studio of Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, (1761-1762)
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 224

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Henry Bone, after  Sir William Beechey - NPG 6290

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Henry Bone, after Sir William Beechey
enamel on copper, 1801 (circa 1793)
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 6290

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, attributed to (Isaac) Robert Cruikshank, after  Henry Meyer - NPG 2788

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

attributed to (Isaac) Robert Cruikshank, after Henry Meyer
wash and pencil, circa 1810
NPG 2788

The Studious Fair (possibly Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz), by Charles Spooner, after  Mary Benwell (Mrs Code) - NPG D9113

The Studious Fair (possibly Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz)

by Charles Spooner, after Mary Benwell (Mrs Code)
mezzotint, mid 18th century
NPG D9113

'The Five Orders of Perriwigs', by William Hogarth - NPG D21370

'The Five Orders of Perriwigs'

by William Hogarth
etching, published 1761
NPG D21370

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Richard Houston, published by  John Bowles, and published by  Robert Sayer, after  Thomas Frye - NPG D33074

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Richard Houston, published by John Bowles, and published by Robert Sayer, after Thomas Frye
mezzotint, 1761
NPG D33074

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Johann Philipp Haid, published by  Johann Daniel Herz the Younger, after  Unknown artist - NPG D33077

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Johann Philipp Haid, published by Johann Daniel Herz the Younger, after Unknown artist
mezzotint, after 1761
NPG D33077

'The Five Orders of Perriwigs', by William Hogarth - NPG D33303

'The Five Orders of Perriwigs'

by William Hogarth
etching, published 1761
NPG D33303

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Richard Houston, after  Thomas Frye - NPG D8009

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Richard Houston, after Thomas Frye
mezzotint, (1762)
NPG D8009

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by James Watson, after  Thomas Frye - NPG D8010

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by James Watson, after Thomas Frye
mezzotint, (1762)
NPG D8010

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by Thomas Frye - NPG D11287

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

by Thomas Frye
mezzotint, published 24 May 1762
NPG D11287

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV when Prince of Wales, by Richard Houston, published by  Robert Sayer, after  Robert Pyle - NPG D33075

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV when Prince of Wales

by Richard Houston, published by Robert Sayer, after Robert Pyle
mezzotint, mid 1760s
NPG D33075

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, after Unknown artist - NPG D9111

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, late 18th century
NPG D9111

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, after Unknown artist - NPG D8007

Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

after Unknown artist
mezzotint, late 18th century
NPG D8007

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