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John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham (1756-1835), General

Sitter in 6 portraits
John Pitt was the eldest son of William Pitt the Elder and the elder brother of William Pitt the Younger. He entered the army in 1778 and his brother appointed him First Lord of the Admiralty later the same year. Chatham retired from the Admiralty in 1794 but remained in the Cabinet, as Lord Privy Seal and then as President of the Council, until his resignation in 1801. His military and political career continued in tandem. Although he was disappointed that the command of the British Army in the Peninsula was given to Sir Arthur Wellesley in 1808, he was given command of the Walcheren campaign the following year, and was made a general in 1812. He served as Governor of Gibraltar from 1820 until his death.

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L146

The Death of the Earl of Chatham

by John Singleton Copley
oil on canvas, 1779-1781
NPG L146

999

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1820-1823
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 999

D12551

'The death of the Great Wolf'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and engraving, published 17 December 1795
NPG D12551

D1282

John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham

by Valentine Green, after John Hoppner
mezzotint, published 1799
NPG D1282

D1283

John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham

by Valentine Green, after John Hoppner
mezzotint, published 1799
NPG D1283

D20092

John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham

by Charles Turner, after John Hoppner
mezzotint, published 1809
NPG D20092

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