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Winston Churchill (1874-1965), Prime Minister

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill

Sitter in 174 portraits
Churchill was born at Blenheim Palace, his family's estate. In 1900, he entered parliament and by 1911 he had become First Lord of the Admiralty. He resigned in 1915, having been held responsible for the failure of the Dardanelles expedition. He saw active service in World War I, before returning to ministerial office in 1917. As Chancellor of the Exchequer, he returned Britain to the gold standard, which led to the General Strike of 1926. He resigned in 1931, opposing his party's policy of self-government for India. He consistently opposed appeasement with Hitler, and challenged Chamberlain's leadership in 1940, succeeding him as Prime Minister to become Britain's greatest war-time leader.

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