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Winston Churchill (1874-1965), Prime Minister

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill

Sitter in 183 portraits
Churchill was born at Blenheim Palace, his family's estate. In 1900, he entered parliament and by 1911 he had become First Lord of the Admiralty. He resigned in 1915, having been held responsible for the failure of the Dardanelles expedition. He saw active service in World War I, before returning to ministerial office in 1917. As Chancellor of the Exchequer, he returned Britain to the gold standard, which led to the General Strike of 1926. He resigned in 1931, opposing his party's policy of self-government for India. He consistently opposed appeasement with Hitler, and challenged Chamberlain's leadership in 1940, succeeding him as Prime Minister to become Britain's greatest war-time leader.

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P705

Winston Churchill

by Edward Lyddell Sawyer
albumen print, 1901
NPG P705

P1700(86d)

Winston Churchill

by Reginald Haines
albumen print, circa 1907
NPG P1700(86d)

6478

Winston Churchill

by Ambrose McEvoy
oil on canvas, circa 1915
NPG 6478

L250

Winston Churchill

by Sir William Newenham Montague Orpen
oil on canvas, 1916
On display at Imperial War Museum, London
NPG L250

2463

Statesmen of World War I

by Sir James Guthrie
oil on canvas, 1924-1930
On display in Room 30 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 2463

4529(84)

Winston Churchill

by Sir David Low
pencil, circa 1926
NPG 4529(84)

4529(84a)

Winston Churchill

by Sir David Low
pencil, circa 1926
NPG 4529(84a)

4438

Winston Churchill

by Walter Richard Sickert
oil on canvas, 1927
On display in Room 31 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4438

P243

Winston Churchill

by Yousuf Karsh
bromide print, 1941
NPG P243

P490(16)

Winston Churchill

by Yousuf Karsh
bromide print, 1941
NPG P490(16)

P490(17)

Winston Churchill

by Yousuf Karsh
bromide print, 1941
NPG P490(17)

P1368

Winston Churchill

by Yousuf Karsh
bromide print, 1941
NPG P1368

5331

Winston Churchill

by Graham Vivian Sutherland
oil on canvas, 1954
On display at Churchill Museum, Cabinet War Rooms, London
NPG 5331

5332

Winston Churchill

by Graham Vivian Sutherland
oil on canvas, 1954
On display in Room 31 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5332

5333

Winston Churchill

by Graham Vivian Sutherland
chalk, 1954
NPG 5333

5334

Winston Churchill

by Graham Vivian Sutherland
pen and ink and pencil, 1954
NPG 5334

6096

Winston Churchill

by Graham Vivian Sutherland
pencil and wash, 1954
NPG 6096

5330

Winston Churchill

by Graham Vivian Sutherland
sketchbook, 14 pages, 1954
NPG 5330

6347

Winston Churchill

after Oscar Nemon
bronze bust, 1995 (circa 1955)
NPG 6347

4458

Winston Churchill

by Bernard Hailstone
chalk, 1956
NPG 4458

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