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Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive (1725-1774), Governor of Bengal
Sitter in 9 portraits
Robert Clive earned his reputation as an effective military commander in India. He was placed in charge of Fort St. David the day before the 'Black Hole' of Calcutta incident in 1756, in which dozens of Europeans died in an overcrowded dungeon. During the Seven Years War, he defeated the Nawab of Bengal at the Battle of Plassey , 1757, and by 1760 he had overcome the French threat to the East India Company. His success earned him the nickname 'Clive of India'. As Governor of Bengal, he tried to curb corruption and private profit among the company's employees.
by Francis Hayman
oil on canvas, circa 1760
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery