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John Constable (1776-1837), Landscape painter

Sitter in 6 portraits
Artist associated with 6 portraits
Constable is celebrated as one of England's greatest and most progressive landscape artists. He drew lifelong inspiration from his native Suffolk. In 1802 he declared that 'natural painture' - or landscape - could rival history painting. He made hundreds of outdoor oil sketches, which capture the changing skies with near scientific precision; these helped him bring an immediacy and authenticity to exhibition works developed in the studio. Constable met with little contemporary success at home. However The Hay Wain (1821) did receive a gold medal at the 1824 Paris Salon.

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John Constable

by Ramsay Richard Reinagle
oil on canvas, circa 1799
On display in Room 18 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 1786


John Constable

by John Constable
pencil and black chalk heightened with white and red chalk, circa 1799-1804
NPG 901


John Constable

by Daniel Maclise
pencil, circa 1831
NPG 1458


John Constable

by Samuel Joseph
bronze cast of death-mask, 1958 (1837)
NPG 4063


John Constable

by Richard James Lane, after Charles Robert Leslie
lithograph, circa 1825-1850
NPG D21958


John Constable

by David Lucas, after Charles Robert Leslie
mezzotint, published 1843
NPG D1544