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Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), Lord Protector of England

Sitter associated with 223 portraits
A country gentleman who became a soldier, statesman and finally Lord Protector of Great Britain. As MP for Huntingdon and then Cambridge, he was an outspoken critic of Charles I. His military skills and God-fearing tenacity were decisive factors in the Parliamentarian victory in the civil wars, and he was prominent among those who first treated with, and then executed the King in 1649. He achieved military success in Ireland in 1649 - but carried out brutal massacres. He led the New Model Army to victory against the Scots and Charles II in 1651. Emerged as a head of state when the 'Rump' Parliament was dissolved in 1653, and created Lord Protector. He refused the crown in 1657, dying in 1658.

List Thumbnail

536

Oliver Cromwell

by Robert Walker
oil on canvas, circa 1649
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 536

5589

Oliver Cromwell

by Samuel Cooper
watercolour on vellum, 1649
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5589

4365

Oliver Cromwell ('The Dunbar Medal')

by Thomas Simon
silver medal, 1650
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4365

747

Oliver Cromwell

after Thomas Simon
electrotype of medal, 1885 (1650)
NPG 747

1486

Oliver Cromwell

after a medal by Thomas Simon
electrotype of medal, 1908 (circa 1651)
NPG 1486

4366

Oliver Cromwell ('The Lord Protector Medal')

by Thomas Simon
silver medal, 1653
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4366

5274

Oliver Cromwell

attributed to Samuel Cooper
watercolour on vellum, circa 1655
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 5274

4068

Oliver Cromwell

by Peter Blondeau, after an original by Thomas Simon
gold broad, 1656
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 4068

3065

Oliver Cromwell

by Samuel Cooper
watercolour on vellum, 1656
On display in Room 5 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3065

514

Oliver Cromwell

after Samuel Cooper
oil on canvas, feigned oval, (1656)
NPG 514

588

Oliver Cromwell

after Samuel Cooper
oil on canvas, feigned oval, (1656)
NPG 588

4025

Oliver Cromwell

by Unknown artist
plaster cast of death-mask, possibly late 17th century
NPG 4025

438

Oliver Cromwell

after Edward Pearce
bronze bust, (circa 1672)
NPG 438

2426

Oliver Cromwell

by Robert Hutchinson, after a drawing attributed to Samuel Cooper
chalk and watercolour, 1773
NPG 2426

3014

Oliver Cromwell

by Unknown artist
plaster cast of death-mask, early 19th century?
NPG 3014

1665

Oliver Cromwell

by Unknown artist
plaster cast of death-mask
NPG 1665

1238

Oliver Cromwell

by Unknown artist
plaster cast of mask from bust
NPG 1238

132

Oliver Cromwell

after a bust by Edward Pearce
terracotta bust, 19th century?
NPG 132

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