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Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover

(1771-1851), Son of George III

Sitter in 63 portraits
Fifth son of George III, Ernest Augustus served in the English and Hanoverian armies during the war with France. He was created Duke of Cumberland in 1799. He entered the House of Lords as an ardent Tory who opposed Catholic emancipation and the Reform Act. His repressive politics and private influence over the Prince Regent, made the Duke the subject of much popular resentment. In 1810, amid rumours of incest and the murder of his valet, he suffered an assassination attempt. When William IV died in 1837, Cumberland succeeded as Ernest I of Hanover under Salic law which excluded Queen Victoria as a woman.

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Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover, by George Dawe - NPG 3309

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover

by George Dawe
oil on canvas, circa 1828
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 3309

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover, after Unknown artist - NPG D16386

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover

after Unknown artist
stipple engraving, published 1793
NPG D16386

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover, after Unknown artist - NPG D16387

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover

after Unknown artist
stipple engraving, published 1793
NPG D16387

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover ('A portrait'), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D12717

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover ('A portrait')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 30 July 1799
NPG D12717

'A portrait' (Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover), by James Gillray, published by  Hannah Humphrey - NPG D16385

'A portrait' (Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
etching, published 30 July 1799
NPG D16385

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover, published by Edward Knight, after  Thomas Rowlandson - NPG D9033

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover

published by Edward Knight, after Thomas Rowlandson
coloured etching, published January 1812
NPG D9033

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover, by Henry Bone, after  Unknown artist - NPG D17706

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover

by Henry Bone, after Unknown artist
pen and ink, 1815
NPG D17706

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover, by and published by William Skelton, after  William Owen - NPG D33316

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover

by and published by William Skelton, after William Owen
line engraving, published 5 June 1815
NPG D33316

The Prophecy, by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40937

The Prophecy

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 13 November 1829
NPG D40937

The Mysterious Visit, by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40944

The Mysterious Visit

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 25 June 1829
NPG D40944

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover (The Jockey'), by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40953

Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover (The Jockey')

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 18 August 1829
NPG D40953

Political Harmonics, by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40958

Political Harmonics

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 11 September 1829
NPG D40958

The Goat wot lost his Beard (Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover), by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40965

The Goat wot lost his Beard (Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover)

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 13 November 1829
NPG D40965

The Vindication, by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40966

The Vindication

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 21 November 1829
NPG D40966

Hawthorn (Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover), by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40973

Hawthorn (Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover)

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 8 December 1829
NPG D40973

Shrove Tuesday all the year round - a Cock wot everyone throws at, probably by Robert Seymour - NPG D46053

Shrove Tuesday all the year round - a Cock wot everyone throws at

probably by Robert Seymour
hand-coloured etching, circa July 1829
NPG D46053

Damon and Pythias (John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon; Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover), by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by  Charles Etienne Pierre Motte, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40942

Damon and Pythias (John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon; Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover)

by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Charles Etienne Pierre Motte, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 2 August 1830
NPG D40942

Bombardment Extraordinary, or Achilles versus Punch, by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40974

Bombardment Extraordinary, or Achilles versus Punch

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 20 January 1830
NPG D40974

The Woolsack, by John ('HB') Doyle, published by  Thomas McLean - NPG D40995

The Woolsack

by John ('HB') Doyle, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 8 April 1830
NPG D40995

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