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Emilia Francis (née Strong), Lady Dilke (1840-1904), Art historian and trade unionist; former wife of Mark Pattison and second wife of Sir Charles Wentworth Dilke, 2nd Bt

Later Victorian Portraits Catalogue

Sitter in 5 portraits
Emilia Francis began writing reviews, articles, and notes on art for the periodical press from the mid-1860s, and was the salaried art editor of The Academy from 1873 to 1883. She published her first book, The Renaissance of Art in France, in 1879 and went on to publish a series of important studies of French art. At the same time as she was building a formidable reputation as a historian and critic of art, she was active in the women's trade union movement. Her commitment to social reform, and in particular to improving the working conditions of women, led to her involvement, from its inception, in the Women's Trade Union League, founded in 1874. She was its president from 1886 until her death.

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1828a

Emilia Francis (née Strong), Lady Dilke

by Pauline, Lady Trevelyan (née Jermyn), and Laura Capel Lofft (later Lady Trevelyan)
oil on millboard, circa 1864
NPG 1828a

x8701

Sir Charles Wentworth Dilke, 2nd Bt; Emilia Francis (née Strong), Lady Dilke

by W. & D. Downey, published by Cassell & Company, Ltd
carbon print, published 1894
NPG x8701

Ax27920

Sir Charles Wentworth Dilke, 2nd Bt; Emilia Francis (née Strong), Lady Dilke

by W. & D. Downey, published by Cassell & Company, Ltd
carbon print, published 1894
NPG Ax27920