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James Abercromby, 1st Baron Dunfermline (1776-1858), Barrister and Whig politician; Speaker of the House of Commons

Sitter in 9 portraits
James Abercromby, 1st Baron Dunfermline, was a barrister, MP and auditor to the Duke of Devonshire's estates. He was called to the Bar in 1800. The following year he was made a commissioner of bankruptcy, and subsequently became auditor to the estates of the Duke of Devonshire. Abercromby entered Parliament as a Whig MP in 1807; he was appointed Judge Advocate General, and became a member of the Privy Council in 1827. Abercromby was chosen to represent Edinburgh in the first reformed parliament after 1832. He was elected Speaker of the British House of Commons in 1835 where he sat until moving to the House of Lords.

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54

The House of Commons, 1833

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1833-1843
On display in Room 20 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 54

D41346

A Bad Shot (James Abercromby, 1st Baron Dunfermline; Joseph Hume; Daniel O'Connell; William Blennerhasset Fairman)

by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Alfred Ducôte, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 7 October 1835
NPG D41346

D41467

Too Late for the Coach

by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Alfred Ducôte, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 10 April 1838
NPG D41467

D41479

Forbidding the Banns

by John ('HB') Doyle, printed by Alfred Ducôte, published by Thomas McLean
lithograph, published 3 July 1838
NPG D41479

D36028

James Abercromby, 1st Baron Dunfermline

by and published by William Walker, after John Jackson
mezzotint, published June 1835
NPG D36028

D36029

James Abercromby, 1st Baron Dunfermline

by and published by William Walker, after John Jackson
mezzotint, published June 1835
NPG D36029

D36030

James Abercromby, 1st Baron Dunfermline

by and published by William Walker, after John Jackson
mezzotint, published June 1835
NPG D36030

D36031

James Abercromby, 1st Baron Dunfermline

by and published by William Walker, after John Jackson
mezzotint, published June 1835
NPG D36031

D36032

James Abercromby, 1st Baron Dunfermline

by Thomas Goff Lupton, published by Colnaghi, Son & Co, and published by Mr Kay, after Colvin Smith
mezzotint, published 27 May 1835
NPG D36032