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John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon (1751-1838), Lord Chancellor

Sitter associated with 71 portraits
A prominent political figure, John Scott was considered the greatest lawyer of his time. He developed trademark law by issuing numerous injunctions against merchants who sold goods bearing the name of other traders and also consolidated equity into a working body of legal principles. Scott was called to the Bar in 1776 and entered the House of Commons in 1783. As Attorney General from 1793 to 1799 he conducted the notorious prosecutions for high treason against political dissenters and sympathisers with French republicanism. In 1799 he became Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas and was created Baron Eldon. He was Lord Chancellor from 1801 to 1827, under five different Prime Ministers.

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745

The House of Commons 1793-94

by Karl Anton Hickel
oil on canvas, 1793-1795
On display at Palace of Westminster, London
NPG 745

999

The Trial of Queen Caroline 1820

by Sir George Hayter
oil on canvas, 1820-1823
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 999

464

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

studio of Sir Thomas Lawrence
oil on canvas, (1826)
On display at Judges' Lodgings Museum, Lancaster
NPG 464

D12674

'Evidence to character; - being a portrait of a traitor, by his friends & by himself'

by James Gillray, published by John Wright
hand-coloured etching, published 1 October 1798
NPG D12674

D12763

'Lilliputian-substitutes, equiping for public service'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 28 May 1801
NPG D12763

D19178

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

by and published by Charles Picart
line and stipple engraving, 1804
NPG D19178

D12906

'Broad-bottom drones storming the hive - wasps, hornets & bumble bees, joining in the attack'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 2 May 1808
NPG D12906

D13115

'Phaeton alarm'd!'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, engraving and aquatint, published 22 March 1808
NPG D13115

D13116

'Disciples catching the mantle: - the spirit of darkness overshadowing the priests of Baal'

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 25 June 1808
NPG D13116

D17911

Steward's Court of the Manor of Torre Devon

attributed to Theodore Lane, published by George Humphrey
etching, published December 1820
NPG D17911

D17928

The Time Piece! & Cunning Jack o' both sides

possibly by (Isaac) Robert Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published June 1820
NPG D17928

D17902

The Royal Extinguisher, or the King of Brobdingnag & the Lilliputians

by George Cruikshank, published by George Humphrey
etching, published 7 April 1821
NPG D17902

D20424

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

by Henry Edward Dawe, published by Zachariah Sweet, after Charles Penny
mezzotint, published March 1825
NPG D20424

D21907

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

by Richard James Lane, after James Sayers
lithograph, circa 1825-1850
NPG D21907

D10676

The King Commander in Chief; or, the Upset of the Waterloo-man, Bags & Baggage

by John Phillips, published by George Humphrey
coloured etching, published 8 May 1827
NPG D10676

D15714

John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon

by George Thomas Doo, after Sir Thomas Lawrence
line engraving, 1827 (1826)
NPG D15714