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Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex (1539-1576), Military commander and Earl-Marshal of Ireland
Sitter associated with 8 portraits
A courageous but ruthless adventurer, Essex undertook to conquer and colonise Ulster on behalf of England in 1573. After two years of treacherous dealings against the Irish and the Scots living in Ulster, he was recalled to England. Before leaving, Essex carried out his most notorious act, a massacre on the island of Rathlin. He died of dysentery shortly after his return to England. Essex was the father of Robert Devereux, the 2nd Earl.