Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex (1591-1646), Parliamentary general
Sitter associated with 44 portraits
Essex's father, the 2nd Earl, had been a favourite of Elizabeth I, but he was executed for treason in 1601. The family honours were restored to the 3rd Earl in 1604. In the years leading up to the Civil War Essex consistently opposed Charles I's policies and he became General of the Parliamentary army in 1642. His lack of success prompted the formation of the New Model Army.
Armed Forces and Intelligence Services
Politics, Government and Diplomacy
Cromwell and parliamentarians