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Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), American statesman; signer of the Declaration of Independence

Sitter in 7 portraits
Born in Boston, Massachusetts, Benjamin Franklin's achievements as a statesman, diplomat and writer influenced the outcome of the American War of Independence (1775-83). He is recognised as Foundling Father of the United States of America, being the only person to sign the Declaration of Independence in 1776, the Peace Treaty in 1783 and the United States Constitution in 1787. The study of electricity was also a particular interest and he published Experiments and Observations on Electricity in 1751

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Benjamin Franklin

by Jean Baptiste Nini
cast terracotta medallion, 1777
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 722


Benjamin Franklin

after Joseph Siffred Duplessis
oil on canvas, (1783)
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 327


Benjamin Franklin

by Augustin de Saint-Aubin, after Charles Nicolas Cochin
line engraving, 1777
NPG D2369


The Declaration of Independence of the United States of America, July 4th 1776

by Asher Brown Durand, after John Trumbull
line engraving, published 1820 (1786-1797)
NPG D1357


Benjamin Franklin

by Charles Turner, after Mason Chamberlin
mezzotint, 1840 or after
NPG D2017


Benjamin Franklin

by Justus Chevillet, after Joseph Siffred Duplessis
line engraving, 1778
NPG D19094


Benjamin Franklin

by Johann Elias Haid
mezzotint, 1778
NPG D19219