Search the Collection

Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845), Quaker minister and social reformer

Sitter in 6 portraits
Elizabeth Fry was a Quaker minister and social reformer. She began campaigning for prison reform after visiting Newgate prison in 1813, where she found hundreds of female prisoners and their children in crowded, unsanitary conditions. She lobbied to introduce female attendants, a school and paid employment for the inmates. Her success led to a wider campaign of prison inspections and improvements to convict ships. Her humanitarian writings influenced penal reform in Europe and America. In 1821 she founded the British Ladies' Society for Promoting the Reformation of Female Prisoners, the first national organisation for women. She is featured on the current five pound bank note.

List Thumbnail


Elizabeth Fry

by Samuel Drummond
watercolour on ivory, circa 1815
On display in Room 19 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 118


Elizabeth Fry

after Charles Robert Leslie
oil on panel, (1823)
NPG 898


Elizabeth Fry

probably by Auguste Thomas Marie Blanchard, after Charles Robert Leslie
line engraving, (1823)
NPG D7613


Elizabeth Fry

published by Edmund Fry, after Charles Robert Leslie
stipple engraving, published 1 January 1828 (1823)
NPG D38443


Elizabeth Fry

published by The Medici Society Ltd, after George Richmond
chromolithograph, 1913 or before (1843)
NPG D38442


Elizabeth Fry

published by The Medici Society Ltd, after George Richmond
chromolithograph, circa 1913 (1843)
NPG D38441


Tell us moreback to top

Can you tell us more about this person? Spotted an error, something missing, or do you know anything that we don't know? If you have any information to share please complete the form below

What can you tell us?close

There are occasions when we are unsure of the identity of a sitter or artist, their life dates, occupation or have not recorded their family relationships. Sometimes we have not recorded the date of a portrait. Do you have specialist knowledge or a particular interest about any aspect of the portrait or sitter or artist that you can share with us? We would welcome any information that adds to and enhances our information and understanding about a particular portrait, sitter or artist.


How do you know this? Please could you let us know your source of information.

* Permission to publish (Privacy information)
Privacy Informationclose

The National Portrait Gallery will NOT use your information to contact you or store for any other purpose than to investigate or display your contribution. By ticking permission to publish you are indicating your agreement for your contribution to be shown on this collection item page. Please note your email address will not be displayed on the page nor will it be used for any marketing material or promotion of any kind.

Please ensure your comments are relevant and appropriate. Your contributions must be polite and with no intention of causing trouble. All contributions are moderated.

Your nameclose

If you tick permission to publish your name will appear above your contribution on our website.

Your Emailclose

Contributions are moderated. We'll need your email address so that we can follow up on the information provided and contact you to let you know when your contribution has been published.