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Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845), Quaker minister and social reformer

Sitter in 6 portraits
Elizabeth Fry was a Quaker minister and social reformer. She began campaigning for prison reform after visiting Newgate prison in 1813, where she found hundreds of female prisoners and their children in crowded, unsanitary conditions. She lobbied to introduce female attendants, a school and paid employment for the inmates. Her success led to a wider campaign of prison inspections and improvements to convict ships. Her humanitarian writings influenced penal reform in Europe and America. In 1821 she founded the British Ladies' Society for Promoting the Reformation of Female Prisoners, the first national organisation for women. She is featured on the current five pound bank note.

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118

Elizabeth Fry

by Samuel Drummond
watercolour on ivory, circa 1815
On display in Room 19 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 118

898

Elizabeth Fry

after Charles Robert Leslie
oil on panel, (1823)
NPG 898

D7613

Elizabeth Fry

probably by Auguste Thomas Marie Blanchard, after Charles Robert Leslie
line engraving, (1823)
NPG D7613

D38443

Elizabeth Fry

published by Edmund Fry, after Charles Robert Leslie
stipple engraving, published 1 January 1828 (1823)
NPG D38443

D38442

Elizabeth Fry

published by The Medici Society Ltd, after George Richmond
chromolithograph, 1913 or before (1843)
NPG D38442

D38441

Elizabeth Fry

published by The Medici Society Ltd, after George Richmond
chromolithograph, circa 1913 (1843)
NPG D38441