Henry Fuseli(1741-1825), Painter
Sitter in 11 portraits
Artist associated with 3 portraits
Swiss clergyman Fuseli came to London in 1764, working as a translator and book illustrator. Encouraged by Reynolds to take up painting, he studied in Rome and upon his return in 1779, began exhibiting works of great psychological complexity, power and imagination, the most menacing being The Nightmare. Despite his radical politics, he became professor of Painting (1799-1805), and then Keeper (1804-25) at the Royal Academy, teaching a generation of artists, including Constable, Haydon and Lawrence. His inclination towards the fantastic, depicted in his heroic, literary and historic themed works was given scope in his paintings for Bouydell's Shakespeare Gallery and his own Milton Gallery.
Watch a film clip on the artist from the BBC Archive in the Media section below