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Thomas Gainsborough

(1727-1788), Portrait and landscape painter

Sitter in 8 portraits
Artist associated with 262 portraits
Landscape and portrait painter. Gainsborough worked in his native Sudbury and then Ipswich until 1759 when he moved to Bath and established a fashionable portrait practice. Settling in London in 1774, he was Joshua Reynolds's only real rival as a portrait painter. Gainsborough quarrelled with the Royal Academy over the exhibition of his pictures; he was highly-strung in personality, a lively letter writer and devoted to music; Garrick said 'his cranium is so crammed with genius of every kind that it is in danger of bursting on you like a steam engine overcharged'.

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Joseph Gibbs, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 2179

Joseph Gibbs

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, circa 1755
On display on Floor 1: Lady Chesterfield's Dressing Room at Beningbrough Hall
NPG 2179

Thomas Gainsborough, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 4446

Thomas Gainsborough

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, circa 1758-1759
NPG 4446

Karl Friedrich Abel, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 5081

Karl Friedrich Abel

by Thomas Gainsborough
black and white chalk with stump on blue paper, circa 1765
NPG 5081

Karl Friedrich Abel, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 5947

Karl Friedrich Abel

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, circa 1765
NPG 5947

John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 755

John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1770
NPG 755

David Garrick, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 5054

David Garrick

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, 1770
NPG 5054

John Henderson, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 980

John Henderson

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, circa 1773-1775
NPG 980

Stringer Lawrence, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 777

Stringer Lawrence

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1774-1775
NPG 777

Johann Christian Bach, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 5557

Johann Christian Bach

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, (1776)
NPG 5557

George Colman the Elder, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 59

George Colman the Elder

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, circa 1778
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 59

Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 150

Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1780
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 150

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 281

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, feigned oval, 1783
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 281

Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk, by Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 5294

Charles Howard, 11th Duke of Norfolk

by Thomas Gainsborough
oil on canvas, 1784-1786
On display at Arundel Castle, West Sussex
NPG 5294

James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale, after Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 928

James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale

after Thomas Gainsborough
oil on panel, feigned oval, (circa 1785)
NPG 928

Thomas Gainsborough, by Francesco Bartolozzi, after  Thomas Gainsborough - NPG 1107

Thomas Gainsborough

by Francesco Bartolozzi, after Thomas Gainsborough
black and red crayon with pencil and grey wash on paper, circa 1797 (1787-1788)
NPG 1107

Sir Edward Turner, 2nd Bt, by James Macardell, after  Thomas Gainsborough - NPG D14729

Sir Edward Turner, 2nd Bt

by James Macardell, after Thomas Gainsborough
mezzotint, 1763 (1762)
NPG D14729

Thomas Ashton, by James Macardell, after  Thomas Gainsborough - NPG D558

Thomas Ashton

by James Macardell, after Thomas Gainsborough
mezzotint, mid 18th century
NPG D558

Thomas Ashton, by James Macardell, after  Thomas Gainsborough - NPG D559

Thomas Ashton

by James Macardell, after Thomas Gainsborough
mezzotint, mid 18th century
NPG D559

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