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Emma, Lady Hamilton (1765-1815), Mistress of Lord Nelson

Sitter in 28 portraits
Emma achieved celebrity through her beauty, personal vitality and skills as a performer. She is principally remembered as the artist George Romney's 'muse' and for her love affair with Nelson. Emma fell in love with Nelson after the Battle of the Nile (1798), when she and her husband William Hamilton, the British Ambassador at Naples, offered the wounded victor hospitality. Emma and Nelson returned to England in 1800 where a daughter was born. The affair was an international scandal, but it enhanced Nelson's reputation as a romantic hero. At his death, in 1805, Nelson entrusted Emma's care to the nation, but this was ignored by the government. She died a pauper in France in 1813.

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294

Emma, Lady Hamilton

by George Romney
oil on canvas, circa 1785
On display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery
NPG 294

4448

Emma, Lady Hamilton

by George Romney
oil on canvas, circa 1785
NPG 4448

2941

Emma, Lady Hamilton

by Richard Cosway
pencil and watercolour, circa 1801
NPG 2941

D3203

Emma, Lady Hamilton

by Vincenzo Aloja, after Charles Grignion
etching, late 18th century
NPG D3203

D8700

Emma, Lady Hamilton as a Bacchante

after Sir Joshua Reynolds
line engraving, (circa 1783-1784)
NPG D8700

D35240

Emma, Lady Hamilton ('Alope')

by Richard Earlom, published by John Boydell, published by Josiah Boydell, after George Romney
stipple engraving, published 1 August 1787
NPG D35240

D35241

Emma, Lady Hamilton ('Neæra')

by John Young, published by John Harris, after John Hoppner
mezzotint, published 1 May 1788
NPG D35241

D35245

Emma, Lady Hamilton as a Sibyl

by Dudley H. Pratt, after Elisabeth-Louise Vigée-Le Brun
mezzotint, (1791-1792)
NPG D35245

D19120

Emma, Lady Hamilton

by Raphael Morghen, after Angelica Kauffmann
line engraving, (1791)
NPG D19120

D35272

A Cognocenti contemplating ye Beauties of ye Antique' (Emma, Lady Hamilton; Horatio Nelson; Sir William Hamilton)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 11 February 1801
NPG D35272

D12755

A Cognocenti contemplating ye Beauties of ye Antique' (Emma, Lady Hamilton; Horatio Nelson; Sir William Hamilton)

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching, published 11 February 1801
NPG D12755

D13034

Emma, Lady Hamilton ('Dido, in despair!')

by James Gillray, published by Hannah Humphrey
hand-coloured etching and stipple engraving, published 6 February 1801
NPG D13034

D17508

Emma, Lady Hamilton

by Henry Bone, probably after Elisabeth-Louise Vigée-Le Brun
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, July 1803
NPG D17508

D23540

Emma, Lady Hamilton

by K. Mackenzie, published by Vernor & Hood, after William Mineard Bennett
stipple engraving, published 1803
NPG D23540

D35238

Emma, Lady Hamilton

by and published by William Say, after John James Masquerier
mezzotint, published 20 May 1806
NPG D35238

D35239

Emma, Lady Hamilton

by and published by William Say, after John James Masquerier
mezzotint, published 20 May 1806
NPG D35239

D35242

Emma, Lady Hamilton ('Kate')

by Charles Brome, by Thomas Bragg, published by Richard Lambe, after George Romney
line engraving, published 4 May 1827 (mid 1780s)
NPG D35242

D35243

Emma, Lady Hamilton

by Charles Brome, by Thomas Bragg, after George Romney
line engraving, 1827 (mid 1780s)
NPG D35243

D35244

Emma, Lady Hamilton ('Lady Hamilton as Ariadne')

after George Romney
line engraving, after 1827 (mid 1780s)
NPG D35244

D35246

Emma, Lady Hamilton as a Bacchante

by Henry Sigismund Uhlrich, after George Romney
lithograph of wood engraving, published 29 April 1876 (circa 1786)
NPG D35246